Prevalence of High Blood Pressure and Association With Obesity in Macedonian Children Aged 6 Years Old

Volume 13, Issue 1 (2023)

Prevalence of High Blood Pressure and Association With Obesity in Macedonian Children Aged 6 Years Old
Jeton Tifeku, Žarko Kostovski, Gontarev Sryozha, Bekim Ramabaja, Zorica Stankovska

The prevalence of high blood pressure in children is increasing worldwide, largely but not entirely, determined
by the concurrent epidemic of childhood obesity. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of prehypertension
and hypertension in Macedonian children of 6 years of age and to determine the relationship between the different
components of blood pressure (BP) with different adiposity indicators. Cross-sectional study including a sample of 1200
children aged up to 6 years, drawn randomly from several schools from three regions in the Republic of North Macedonia.
To achieve the goals of the research, weight, height, the body mass index (BMI), tri-ponderal mass index (TMI), percentage
of fat tissue (%FM), systolic and diastolic BP, mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure were measured. The prevalence
estimates for prehypertension and hypertension were 6.8% and 13.2%, respectively. In both sexes, adiposity indicators
were positively and significantly related to systolic and diastolic BP (p<0.001), so students from higher categories of adiposity
had significantly higher BP levels (p<0.001). Our results show a high prevalence of high blood pressure in Macedonian
children. Moreover, high levels of adiposity are associated with high blood pressure in early childhood, confirming
that this may be associated with cardiovascular risk later in life. Taking into account also lack of exercise and pathologies
that may develop also in physiotherapeutic aspect due to this issue

Ključne riječi: 
Blood pressure, Obesity, Weight status, Children, Physical activity, BMI, Kinesiology
Puni tekst: 

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